Spanish Language Learning – Adjectives and Adverbs in Spanish: an introduction for beginners


**Taken from my post:** [](


Adjectives and Adverbs are two kinds of words used to describe things. Adjectives are used to describe or modify NOUNS, like in “the green car” or “the good boy”,

while adverbs are used to describe “the way things happen”, namely, to modify the verb, like in “Do it well” or “I will do it quickly”.

Adjectives in Spanish are placed after the noun unless there is a verb “to be” involved. For example, While in English, you have “The red car”, in Spanish you have

“El carro rojo”. Additionally, there are also possessive adjectives, to denote possession. You may find useful the following examples:

**• Mi silla amarilla** *My yellow chair*

**• Tu libro grande** *Your large book*

**• Su camión pequeño** *His, her, your (plural), their small truck*

**• Nuestra larga historia** *Our long story*

                                                   **• La silla amarilla es mía** *The yellow chair is mine*

                                                    **• El libro grande es tuyo** *The large book is yours*

                      **• El camión pequeño es suyo** *The small truck is his, hers, yours(plural), theirs*

                                                    *•* **La larga historia es nuestra** The long story is ours

You have to be careful here too, adjectives have to match the noun both in gender and number. For example, for an English expression like **“The black dog”** you may have two different translations in Spanish **“EL PERRO NEGRO”** for masculine, and **“LA PERRA NEGRA”** for feminine. For plural it is the same, **“the black dogs”** can translate both to **“LOS PERROS NEGROS”** for masculine and **“LAS PERRAS NEGRAS”** for the feminine.

On the other hand, the adverbs are used to modify the verb. This means they are used to explain “how” things are or happen.  In Spanish, it is pretty common that such words end with “-mente”, so it is easy to remember. Nevertheless, there are a lot of irregular adverbs that do not follow that rule. The good news is: these words are fixed. They do not have to change in order to match anything. They are just always the same. There are about 9 kinds of adverbs, we will develop the most important 3:

**1. Adverbios de lugar (Place)**

• La carta está **Aquí**                                                         *The letter is here*

• La carta está **Allá**                                                          *The letter is there*

• La carta está **Abajo** de la mesa                                    *The letter is under the table*

• Mi casa está **Cerca**                                                       *My house is Near*

• El techo está **Arriba**                                                      *the roof is above*

• La comida está **Sobre** la mesa                                     *The food is on the table*

• Estoy **Delante** de ti                                                       *I stand before you*

• Estoy **Dentro** del autobus                                             *I am Inside the bus*

• Estoy **Detrás** de ti                                                         *I ‘m behind you*

• Hoy estoy **Fuera de** mi casa                                        *Today I am out of my house*

**2. Adverbios de tiempo (Time)**

**•**  **Ahora** estoy comiendo                                               *I am eating now*

**• Antes** me gustaba caminar                                         *I used to love to walk*

**• Ayer** fui al parque                                                       *Yesterday I went to the park*

**• Nunca** iré al parque                                                    *I Never go to the park*

**• Mañana** iré al parque                                                 *Tomorrow I’ll go to the park*

**• Pronto** iré al parque                                                    *I’ll go to the park soon*

**• Siempre** iré al parque                                                 *I go to the park always*

**• Hoy** voy al parque                                                      *Today I go to the park*

**3. Adeverbios interrogativos (Wh Questions)**

**• ¿Qué** haces ahora?                                                   *What are you doing now?*

**• ¿Quíen** es esa mujer?                                               *Who is that woman?*

**• ¿Cómo** estás?                                                           *How are you?*

**• ¿Por qué** no vas a casa?                                          *Why don’t you go home?*

**• ¿Cuánto** cuesta ese reloj?                                        *How much is that watch?*

**• ¿Cuál** es la respuesta correcta?                                *Which is the right answer?*


*Carlos:* **¿Qué hora es?** *What time is it?*

*Maria:* **Son las cinco en punto. ¿Quién viene a las Seis?**   *It is 5 O’clock, who is coming at six?*

*Carlos:* **Mi hermana, mi mamá y mi novia. Ayer regresaron de Canadá.** *My sister, my mom and my Girlfriend. They returned yesterday from Canada.*

*Maria:* **¡Qué bien! ¿durante cuánto tiempo estuvieron allá?** *Good! For how long were they there?*

*Carlos:* **¡No las veo desde hace dos meses!** *I haven´t seen them in two months!*

*Maria:* **Pronto podrás hablar con ellas. ¿Qué harás?** *You will be able to talk to them soon, what will you do?*

*Carlos:* **Iremos a comer mañana, en el restaurant que está cerca de la playa.**  *We will go to eat in the restuaurant near the beach*

*Maria:* **¡A mí me gusta más el que está Dentro del Centro comercial!** *I like better the one inside the shopping mall!*

*Carlos:* **¡Voy a llevarlas allí!** *I will take them there!*

**If you have any questions about this or any other Spanish topic, just drop a question here :)**

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